Introduction to the Holocaust- U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
Winfrey and Wiesel: Auschwitz Full Movie
Holocaust Encyclopedia – The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. Holocaust is a word of Greek origin meaning “sacrifice by fire.” The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were “racially superior” and that the Jews, deemed “inferior,” were an alien threat to the so-called German racial community.
Children During the Holocaust- the Holocaust had a large impact on Jewish children living in Germany. One of the early laws established by the Nazis limited the number of Jewish children allowed in schools. By the end of the 1930’s Jewish children were not allowed to attend German schools. At that point, if they were not able to escape Germany, one of four things happened to Jewish children: They died in either concentration camps or after birth, they were hidden, or they were used as laborer or for medical experiments.
Great Britain and the Holocaust: The Kindertransport- Kindertransport was a program sponsored by the British government. Its purpose was to bring Jewish children from Nazi-occupied countries to Britain to live with British families. For most children, the process was pre-arraigned, with the British families serving as sponsors and covering the required fees. Programs to cover the fees were put into place for children with no sponsors. The original intent was to eventually reunite the children with their parents. As time went on it became apparent that this would not be possible for many of the children, so the focus shifted to providing care for the children.
|Perhaps one of the most heartbreaking realities of the Holocaust is that children were not spared the inhumane acts of Hitler and the Nazis. Around 1.5 million children were killed including Jewish, Gypsies, and disabled children. Teenagers, however could be spared because they were able to be used for forced labor. Although many children died in by many different means, there were children who survived. Some escaped with their families, some were able to find food to survive, and some were helped by rescue efforts.|
Six million Jewish people were killed in Europe during World War II simply because they were Jewish. Nearly 7 out of 10 Jewish people died in many countries. The Nazis also killed gypsies, homosexuals, and disabled people along with any politicians or journalists that spoke out against them. Investigate why the Holocaust happened and how the people died. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis thought they were better than everybody else. They rounded up people from certain racial and religious groups and made them travel to concentration camps in cattle cars.
The online exhibit at the web site of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum introduces the many different kinds of people who helped the Nazis during the Holocaust or did nothing to stand up for their fellow man. Through historic photographs, you can meet the neighbors, workers, teenagers, policemen, religious leaders, teachers and friends who witnessed the crimes of the Holocaust and choose to ignore them or to participate in them. Use the glossary, timeline and image gallery for better understanding. You are also invited to share your reflections.